Today in North Dakota History

April 16, 1948

A Red River flood crested at 41.6 feet at Grand Forks.

April 17, 1934

Indictment returned by grand jury at Fargo, charging Governor William Langer with violating law prohibiting one federal employee from soliciting campaign funds from another.

April 18, 1950

Water went over 40-foot level at Grand Forks, remaining there until April 29 in the first of two serious floods that year.

April 19, 1852

The Swiss artist, Rudolph Kurz, began his homeward trip after nearly a year on the Upper Missouri portraying Indians, animals, traders and various fur trade articles. Kurz, who kept a detailed journal, spent most of his time at Fort Union, near the confluence of the Missouri and Yellowstone Rivers.

April 25, 1823

General Stephen H. Long's exploration authorized to establish Canadian boundary.

April 26, 1805

Captain Meriwether Lewis scouted locality at junction of Yellowstone and Missouri Rivers and suggested it was "a butifull commanding situation for a fort."

April 30, 1942

First permit issued by N.D. Geological Survey for the Carter Oil Co.-E. L. Semling Well in Oliver County.

April 30, 1803

Louisiana Purchase concluded with France, giving U.S. title to all of North Dakota except portions drained by Red and Mouse Rivers.

April 29, 1920

The contract was let for the State Mill and Elevator in Grand Forks, which was symptomatic of the victory won by the state's agrarian forces.

May 1, 1882

Hillsboro was organized as a municipality with John DeGroat as its first mayor.

May 1, 1885

State hospital for mentally ill opened at Jamestown as territorial institution.

May 2, 1898

Eight infantry companies of National Guard are accepted for service in the Spanish-American War.

May 7, 1917

Law enforcement officers, led by Attorney General William Langer, swooped down on Minot in biggest "raid" in history of state.

May 7, 1935

Federal Court of Appeals ordered new trial for former Governor William Langer because of "insufficiency of evidence" to sustain conviction of violating law prohibiting one federal employee from soliciting political contributions from another.

May 7, 1960

The fast segment of Interstate Highway 29 in North Dakota, Pembina to Drayton, was dedicated, It was the first stretch of interstate highway reaching an international border.

May 12, 1950

Red River flood crested at 45.79 feet.

May 14, 1889

Delegates elected to state constitutional convention -- a requisite for statehood later in the same year. The convention was called for July 4.

May 16, 1871

Joseph Rolette died at Pembina.

May 17, 1801

Alexander Henry selected spot for building fort at Pembina.

May 17, 1876

Lieutenant Colonel George Armstrong Custer left Fort Abraham Lincoln on the Little Big Horn campaign.

May 19, 1742

Sons of Pierre Verendrye, the explorer, visited Mandan Indians on their search for a western sea near high mountains.

May 20, 1862

Homestead Act became effective.

May 22, 1869

Sioux-Arikara battle fought at site of Washburn.

May 22, 1934

Trial of William Langer and others on charges of violating federal political contribution law began at Bismarck.

May 22, 1888

North Dakota Medical Association organized at Grand Forks with Dr. J.G. Millspaugh of Park River as its first president.

May 26, 1872

Troops withdrawn from old Fort Ransom.

May 28, 1963

Patrons of the Central Valley School District agreed on a site for a new high school, midway between Buxton and Reynolds after a long controversy.

May 27, 1872

At Jamestown, then known as the James River crossing, Fort Seward was established for the protection of railway construction crews. It existed as a fort for only five years.

May 31, 1963

Dedication of Twamley Hall, administration building at the University of North Dakota, Grand Forks; it replaced Old Main, first building at the university.

June 1, 1873

The first Americans arrived at Pembina to join the Canadian Army in a survey of the northern border. The survey, started in 1872 by the Canadians, continued until 1876.

June 3, 1883

Territorial legislators choose Bismarck for capital.

June 4, 1949

Theodore Roosevelt National Memorial Park, the country's only national memorial park at that time, was dedicated at Medora in the Badlands of western North Dakota.

June 5, 1873

First train arrives in Bismarck.

June 7, 1893

Fire burned almost entire business section of Fargo.

June 8, 1872

First NP train crossed Red River to Fargo.

June 10, 1880

Congress enacted a law throwing the military reservations of Forts Abercrombie, Ransom and Seward open to homestead entry. All had been vacated earlier.

June 12, 1843

J.J. Audubon arrived at Fort Union at the mouth of the Yellowstone River for a two-month sojourn, during which he completed work on two major nature studies, "Quadrupeds of North America" and "Birds of America."

June 14, 1934

Federal court jury convicted Gov. William Langer of violating federal political contribution law.

June 14, 1872

Fort McKeen was established as an infantry post. Later the same year it was replaced by the cavalry post, Fort Abraham Lincoln. It was Custer's home for several years.

June 15, 1866

Construction began on Fort Buford, at the mouth of the Yellowstone River in western North Dakota. It was here that Sitting Bull surrendered in 1881.

June 15, 1889

North Dakota Press Association reorganized at Fargo.

June 18, 1867

For protection of rail construction workers, Fort Ransom was established on the Sheyenne River.

June 20, 1957

Fargo hit by tornado that killed 10, injured more than 100, and destroyed or damaged 1,400 homes.

June 20, 1966

President Lyndon Johnson signed into law the bill establishing the Fort Union Trading Post National Historic Site.

June 22, 1922

Alexander McKenzie died in St. Paul, Minnesota.

June 23, 1952

Dr. W.T. Thom, Princeton University chairman of geology, returns to North Dakota 40 years after geological discoveries that led him to give the Williston Basin its name.

June 24, 1908

First statewide primary election (for U.S. senator) held. T.F. Marshall ties M.N. Johnson. Johnson declared nominee in second primary.

June 25, 1876

Lieutenant Colonel George Armstrong Custer and his immediate command were annihilated by Indians consisting largely of the Sioux at the Battle of the Little Big Horn.

June 26, 1919

Bank of North Dakota founded.

June 26, 1952

Service Pipeline Company announced it would build a pipeline from oil fields near Tioga to refinery being built at Mandan.